I’m guilty. Yes, I’ve done some of these things listed in this video in my presentations. Have you?
I realize now that I don’t need to look like I know everything or have to share out too much information. This video does hit home for me and other presentations I’ve participated in. I hope you watch it. However, I know how difficult it is to change something that you are passionate about and you believe is working.
I’d like to add a few tips or adapt a few tips in this video on what I am learning as I do more and more presentations.
- Simplify – Less is more!
Use graphics or visuals that capture the points you are making instead of text or bullet points. You can even throw in a graphic with a powerful quote.
- Show a video or two.
A video can provide a virtual visit to a classroom or school. Sometimes hearing from educators or learners in the field is better than listening to one person talking for an hour or so.
- Provide a handout or collaborative doc for note-taking.
If you use PowerPoint, you can create a handout with 3 slides on a page. You could create a Google Doc or OneNote that participants can copy or use to collaborate on notes.
- Build in pair/shares or small group discussions.
Participants want to learn from you but after even 5 minutes, they get tired. Break up your presentation with powerful questions or activities where participants can share with each other.
- Include a parking lot or needs to know.
Handout post-it notes and place flip charts around the room to for participants to add comments, questions, or concerns. If your group is under 50 people, consider creating a Padlet for an online bulletin board with virtual stickies.
- Set up a document with all of your resources for your participants.
Create a shared doc (Google Doc or OneNote) and open up for anyone with the link to view. Include any URLs or resources shared in your speech.
- Put yourself in your participants’ chair.
Every person in the audience is in your presentation to learn something and hoping to take at least one thing away. Do some research about your audience and who they are, what they are interested in and any concerns they may have and include those in your presentation.
- Test your presentation
Ask someone to review your presentation with you. Tell them who the audience is and the expectations for your speech. Then present it and ask for constructive feedback.
- Practice, Practice, Practice
Review the timing, check to see how much time you will need for activities, and make sure you don’t read off a script. See if you can come across spontaneously and even improvise so it sounds like a conversation.
- Video your presentation
Not sure what you look like when you present. Have someone video your presentation and then review it. Consider wearing a black outfit or one without any patterns. Check to see how you project your voice, practice with a microphone, where you look when you speak, and if you are pacing or standing still.
These are just a few tips. I sometimes forget and go back to presenting the same way with the same mistakes. I know I can learn from you. So if you have any other tips you would like share, please leave your tip in a comment below.
The teaching profession was designed around a system based on teaching compliancy. For years, students have been doing what they are told to do to progress through each grade. Teachers have been mandated to follow prescriptive curriculum and pacing guides. Teaching subjects not kids and giving grades has been the norm for over 125 years. I firmly believe NOW is the time to throw out this model and design a system that encourages critical-thinking, creativity and innovation.
What about you?
The teaching profession cannot and should not be about students or teachers following orders. Our world needs citizens who can think on their own so they know right from wrong and do what is in their best interests. Too long I have heard students ask this question: “what do I need to do for an A?”
How about getting rid of grades?
Check out Starr Sackstein’s TedTalk A Recovering Perfectionist’s Journey to Give Up Grades. Teachers are overwhelmed with all the mandates, paperwork, new initiatives, etc. I’ve heard some teachers say “just give me the curriculum to teach because I have too much on my plate.”
What about taking some things off of teachers’ plates?
Teachers are working harder now than ever. Instead teachers are held accountable for test scores and grades and are the ones responsible for everything students learn. Direct instruction is what they know as students themselves and what they learned in teacher education programs. Wasn’t technology supposed to make teaching easier? They use technology for direct instruction because that is the only way they believe they can control what is being taught. Teachers are concerned about letting go, because they are not sure they can trust students to do the work. They also are concerned that there are no guarantees that students are learning.
What if there was something you could do to change this?
Pernille Ripp wrote in her book, Passionate Learners, for teachers to ask themselves “would you want to be a student in your class?” If you say no, there are two choices:
- you can close the door and continue with the status quo, or
- you can change how you teach transforming one lesson or project with activities at a time that will engage kids in the learning process.
Now if you say yes, then share what you do. Open your door and collaborate. When you start small and include voice and choice with engaging activities, something happens to your class and you. You never want to go back to the status quo. It is about building that trust so everyone cares and respects each other.
This is what happened to me long ago and to teachers who are challenging the status quo now. As soon as I gave up control, everything just fell in place. I had to learn to trust them. I encouraged kids to pursue their interests, gave them a voice in their learning, and had them brainstorm solutions to challenges. At first, kids were tentative. They were concerned what would happen if they made mistakes or didn’t come up with the one right answer. When they realized that there didn’t have to be one right answer, they enjoyed being part of the process and wanted more. This was the fun part; they were encouraged to keep looking for more questions and challenges that made them think deeper.
What do you do when students are concerned about changing how they “do” school?
It is a difficult but crucial decision for students to take over control of their own learning. It all starts with a plan and the conversations that build a culture of learning. Sit down with each student and listen to their concerns. Listening is an art. Teachers were taught to be the ones to lecture and do all the talking. It’s not easy to stop and listen to the kids and to each other. Especially if we believe we have to make sure they get the right answers and don’t want them to make mistakes. Believe that they can learn from mistakes. We have to let go and listen, share, and learn from each other. In fact, we can learn from play. Check out John Chase’s post Free to Learn.
So as a teacher today, you probably have some questions and concerns about all of this. That’s okay. Talk about those concerns with your colleagues. Share them with your kids. When kids know that you have concerns too, then you can have those conversations with them. It’s okay to show your vulnerability. It’s about working together to create an environment that allows risk-taking so your class becomes a caring, compassionate community of learners.
We’re all storytellers. We’ve been telling stories for thousands of years. This is how we transfer ideas, connect, learn, and inspire. First I would like to share three inspirational stories.
During a graduation speech in 2005, Steve Jobs shared how he had just learned he was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. He changed his speech so he could talk from his heart about what this devastating news meant to him. He said: “Knowing your time in life is limited, think carefully about how to spend it. Don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice.” He finished with “do what makes your heart sing!”
“What makes your heart sing? Steve Jobs
The second story is about J K Rowling who saw herself as a failure. Her marriage had failed; she was jobless with a young child. Her writing kept her going. She wrote wherever and whenever she could. She submitted “Harry Potter” to 12 publishers all who rejected her. Finally one publisher took a chance but advised her to get a day job and only printed 1000 just in case the book didn’t sell well.. Rowling described her failure as liberating by not giving up because her story mattered.
“Don’t let failure be an ending. Make it a beginning.”
My third story is about Mark Burnett who at 22 came to America with no experience and very little money. He first started as a nanny working for very wealthy people and realized he could do that. He bought $2 T-shirts and used good stories to sell them for $18 and other . Within 8 years with his passion for extreme sports, he bought a British competition that became the TV show Survivor that he calls an irresistible story, a drama unfolding before your eyes. These three stories are just short examples of how stories can captivate and inspire.
“See the future better than today and make it happen.” Mark Burnett
Stories are more than just finding ourselves. When you start telling stories about you, you are “creating” yourself. We are our experiences, our history, and our connections.
Paul Zak researched and found on how the brain changes from a good story by increasing the empathy chemical oxytocin in the brain. If you start with a story of human struggle and eventual triumph, then you capture people’s hearts.
The dramatic arc can layout the personal story. Ever since young children are told their first bedtime stories, they become familiar with the dramatic arc inherent in most stories. Stories using this can be effective instruments for conveying important information and life lessons.
So let’s tell more stories in the class. Our stories; their stories. This helps build a culture of learning based on trust. Personal stories help build connections that create a caring and compassionate community.
My story: I was a dental hygienist and taught dental hygiene. Then I had an accident. I broke my leg, my neck, and couldn’t practice anymore. I became a teacher and love every moment. My good friend Sara Armstrong who is a storyteller said to me that I went from dental flossing to mental flossing.
I don’t know if you’ll remember my story or any that I shared here. But personal stories do touch our hearts more than any lecture, quiz, or test. Consider today’s kids.
How do you capture screenagers’ attention when all they want to do is to stare at their mobile device?
Stories. Have them tell their stories with their device. Share your story and model it. Write your story in a blog, through pictures, podcasts or videos. Then share it with your Personal Learning Network (PLN). Everyone loves a good story and you have good stories to tell so share them. Stories can be as small as 140 characters. Join a twitter chat like #plearnchat that I co-host or a Voxer group. I learn so much from other educators who share resources, ideas, and their own personal stories on social media.
Ted Talks is a great resource you can use with your colleagues. Check out teacher Rita Pierson’s Tedtalk about how every kid needs a champion. Her story came from her heart because she truly believed in each child.
Another Ted Talk is from Timmy Sullivan who graduated from high school this year and has been speaking for some time about “his education” his way. His voice and stories matter for kids. More kids are sharing stories on TedTalk and social media now.
Model how to do this by telling your story. Encourage their voice by starting with the prompt “imagine if…” Yes.. “imagine if” for you too.
Stories do connect us. Share what makes your heart sing. Reach out to someone you don’t know like I did 20 years ago at ISTE for a column I was writing. Many of those connections I made then last today. So ask someone “What’s your story?”
I’m so upset. I watched the news about California teachers and education today. They mentioned the teacher shortage, but the reasons they gave didn’t even touch on what is really happening to teachers and education around the country. When they said that California has the most crowded classrooms and highest teacher to student ratios in the country, I’m not sure others around the country have a clue what this means. We’re talking 25 to 30 little ones in K-2 classes. In some high schools, math classes are over 40 for each teacher. Secondary teachers are responsible for up to 150 kids and teaching multiple subjects in 45 minutes periods. I don’t know how they do it.
By 2013, the state’s student-teacher ratio had reached 24-to-1,
compared with the national average of 16-to-1.
Report on Teacher Shortage in Mercury News, CA 1/23/15
On top of that the focus of education has been wrong for the past 12 years and longer. Teachers are the ones held accountable for the test scores, so why would kids care about the tests? The focus on testing has taken away the love of learning and frustrated teachers, administrators, kids and parents. We have a generation of people who went through this system who think this is the only way to learn. The focus hasn’t been on learning–it’s been on meeting test scores and instruction not on who we should be focusing on: each learner and supporting how they learn. Teachers are more like middle managers jumping through bureaucratic hoops and accountable for test scores and grades.
Now this is going to change, but not many people are aware of it changing or want it to change. They only know what they know or have been exposed to. Teachers are burning out and leaving the profession. It costs more to keep training and retraining teachers. There has been so much professional development on how to teach to the test, manage classrooms, and other mundane tasks that people who went into the profession feel dummied down. There is a sense of “compliancy” built into the system that blocks creativity and fun. We all need to have some fun when we learn. Let’s get it back!
The report was talking about districts offering a $10,000 bonus for new hires, but that won’t take care of the other issues or bring in the right people to the profession. The teaching profession is less and less attractive to Millenials (18-34 year olds). Many realized they didn’t care for school, just learned to “do” school to get out of school, or they just don’t want to be part of it. Many of them were in the system when testing went crazy. They also want to be more in control of what they do, be respected and valued by members of their community. Millenials tend to be skeptical about systems and also are concerned how they can pay their bills. Housing costs in California and other parts of the country are skyrocketing. A one time bonus won’t pay the bills. A majority of the Millenials have extreme student debt, a degree that doesn’t get them the right job and other reasons why they just don’t trust the system. There are many who dropped out and taught themselves skills in the technical field — all on their own taking classes online or watching YouTube. Why? Because in the Bay Area that’s where the jobs are along with bio-technology, robotics, etc.
So what can we do about this problem?
Look at the teaching profession like Finland did in 1983. They had the same issue and realized they needed to turn everything upside down. Teachers needed to be valued, supported and highly respected compared to other professions. So Finland changed the teaching profession. Kids start school at seven. They got rid of standardized tests except one at the end of high school. They built a system of support for teachers and pay them well. Read “What ever it takes” Smithsonian.
Now with the new ESEA re-authorization from the Department of Education, we will be focusing more on learning. There is a surplus of funds in California and more money will be going to school districts. Let’s do it right this time.
I’m going to put a plea out to superintendents and school boards: Stop spending money on “stuff” and rethink how you are going to rebuild your most prized resource: teachers! Here’s some ideas:
- Rethink teacher education and build or partner with K-12 laboratory schools so the focus is on learners right from the beginning.
- Increase salaries for teachers so the profession is competitive with other professional services.
- Provide mentoring and ongoing coaching support for teachers.
- Build in collaborative time every day and encourage co-teaching models.
- Develop communication plans that showcase learning not increased scores.
- Build partnerships with businesses, non-profits and higher ed to support a competency-based system.
- Look to retired educators to work or volunteer as advisors or mentors.
- Offer ongoing job-embedded professional learning opportunities for all teachers.
The reason why I focus on personalizing learning is because we are all learners. When we stop learning, what do we have? It is about building the capacity to want to be lifelong learners and never lose that curious part that makes us who we are. Every moment can be a learning opportunity. But when school is tied to rewards and punishment, grades, and extrinsic forces, why would anyone want to be part of that type of system?
Who’s with me? Let’s all work together to change the system, focus on our learners, bring back creativity, joy, and fun and value our teachers.
Are you a human being or a human doing?
I have a to-do list that would drive anyone nuts. When someone asks me how I am, I tell them all the things I’m doing. I check off tasks on my list and more tasks show up. I have a large whiteboard where I’m trying to keep track of each business and personal task. Not to scare you, but this picture on the right is only one part of my whiteboard and what is due in two days. I also have post-it notes all over, an online calendar with tasks, and note-taking tools.
I think I’m organized but several re-occurring tasks are to file, organize my office, and clean up files in my computer.
Do I do it?
I start. Then I look at all of my other tasks on my whiteboard and go back to another task that I feel is more important and urgent. You know what I mean. I try organizing everything by putting each task in the following categories:
- Important and Urgent
- Important Not Urgent
- Urgent Not Important
- Not Urgent and Not Important
Why do I feel everything is important and urgent? Prioritize — Prioritize — Prioritize
UGH! Maybe I need to put different things on my list. Even my personal tasks focus on doing and working. I have on my board to clean the oven (check that one off because I did that because it’s a self-cleaning oven — Yeah!), vacuum (which I actually like doing since I can see results right away) or wash bed (okay did that too). I know I sound like a cleaning freak, but it’s on my list.
So how do I put “fun” things on my to-do list? I need to redefine who I am. How did I become this human “doing” things instead of just living and enjoying each moment? Maybe I enjoy this. mmmmm….. or do I?
I do it to myself. It’s all about choices. Do I need to add more to my list? Not really. It’s something about my worth. The more I do I feel I am accomplished. Tired, but accomplished. I do have to do these things or come up with another way to either get these things done or change due dates.
What I’m worth is really not about all I do. It should be about who I am not what I do. I’m not ready to give up my whiteboard and lists, but I’m putting ME on the top of the list. It’s time to take time off for me.
So this year my resolution is to be a human being not a human doing. I can do it. Wait a minute, I have to reply to an email right now and mail something and pay my estimated taxes and .. and .. and..
Oh no! Anyone else like this?
What is Learned Helplessness?
When people feel that they have no control over their situation, they may begin to behave in a helpless manner. This inaction can lead people to overlook opportunities for relief or change.
Now I know this video above is taking the idea of “learned helplessness” a little too far, but it gets the point across. Consider a child who performs poorly on math tests and assignments will quickly begin to feel that nothing he or she does will have any effect on math performance. When later faced with any type of math-related task, he or she may experience a sense of helplessness. Some call this a fixed mindset. [Source]
Here’s a little history of the “Learned Helplessness” Theory
There are also situations where you may induce “learned helplessness” in school or personal relationships. This is an activity that a teacher did with learners after discussions on relationships.
Now let’s take this idea of “learned helplessness” and what this means about learners being compliant. Think about your high school kids who just want a grade. Have you heard them ask “what are the points?” “what do I have to do to get an A?”
It’s about that intrinsic motivation to want to learn. We’ve embedded this behavior as part of the system starting even in pre-school now. The responsibility for learning is all on the teacher who is now help accountable for what kids learn. Teachers, too, can have this “learned helplessness” feeling about what they do in the class. I’ve heard teachers say “but I have to teach to the test” or “I have to cover the curriculum.”
We need our kids to be able think on their own, drive their learning and be the ones responsible for what and how they learn. It is about the idea of encouraging learners of all ages to believe they can do things — that they don’t need others to do something for them if they are capable. It is about changing mindset but that’s for another post.
We can change our thinking, model growth mindset and what it means to believe in ourselves. What do you think?
What do Electronic Payments have to do with Education?
I was watching “Press Here” a local program that shares technology trends where they discussed electronic payments. All of this made me think about how companies are changing how we interact with money and what that will mean for our future. Then I put two and two together on the use of algorithms and what that means for our children. I wanted to share some of the new advances for mobile payments where companies use the label “personalization” before I bring up the use of algorithms in education.
How many of you have used Uber or Lyft? Think about how easy they are to use. You sign up to one of them or both and need a ride somewhere. You pull up one of the apps and there you are on the map with several cars nearby. Choose one! Then a few minutes later the car is at your door. No money changes hands — at least that you have to do during that event. It is all behind the scenes on your phone attached to your bank account.
Consider what this means for electronic payments in the future?
Will this affect everything including education?
(I write about this at the end of this post)
Here’s a few more apps that are changing the way we pay for things:
There is an app called paybyphone that lets you do just that in the US and Europe.
- Download the app
- Enter your location code you wish to park in
- Enter the time you want to stay there
- Extend your time from anywhere using app
paybyphone offers you multiple ways to signup or use their service: online, through a text, or even by phone.
sessionm is a mobile marketing cloud platform integrating what you are doing online and in social media to build brand loyalty and personalize your experience.
Why am I talking about this now when mentioning the future of payments? sessionm is in the background of many of your payments. One I want to talk about is Starbucks. You go in to Starbucks and purchase a specific drink that you tend to order a few more times. This behavior is now part of the data Starbucks collects on you. In the future when you walk in the door, up comes your most recent purchase. You may end up getting points or rewards based on your behavior.
This is called mobile marketing automation with “personalization” and data management to act in real-time at the moment of impact.
mmmmmm….. Think there’s a few more I need to reflect on before talking about “personalization” and education.
Metromile offers pay per mile insurance that could save you money if you don’t drive that much. Then they go steps further by powering smart driving that can…
- Track and optimize your tips.
- Always know where your car is parked and best way to get there.
- Get a diagnosis of your car’s running condition.
- Street sweeping alerts in some cities.
There are also ways to get “personalized” recommendations with companies that offer a flat or annual fee program for unlimited ad-free access to products.
- Flat fee payments for movies with Netflix so I can watch as many TV shows, documentaries, movies and more that I want when I want to.
- One annual fee for Amazon Prime so I can get free shipping and discounts on products, movies, and books. There are options now for monthly rates for Prime Music, Prime Photos, and Kindle Owners Lending Library.
I just received a Plenti card that is a rewards program that gives me points with multiple companies: Rite Aid, AT&T, Exxon, Macy’s, Mobil, Nationwide, Direct Energy, Enterprise, and Hulu.
Okay – now why am I talking about money and “personalization”? It’s because companies want to “personalize” your shopping experience. They are using algorithms to give you points, rewards, recommendations, offers and more based on your behavior. This is PUSH technology as its best — or is it? We are going to see more and more of this in forms like Plenti and be connected in ways we will never know. But we need to be careful who we give our personal data and track what they do with it.
Have you received recommendations for a book or movie
that you definitely would never read or watch?
Remember the algorithm these companies use is based on your behavior not what you think. You may be clicking around just to see a different movie that is not in your comfort zone. Then look on your list of recommendations and you see more like it. Is that really “Personalization?”
Now I need to bring up “personalization” and what that means for education like I asked at the beginning of this post. Don’t give up on me yet!
There are companies who are using algorithms and data in the background to “personalize” our children’s learning experiences. This type of programming is called a “adaptive learning system” where a learner typically answers a multiple choice question and moves to the next question based on their answer.
The concern I have is that one company in particular, Knewton announced in their press release that its “adaptive learning system” will be available to anyone and that it allows teachers to upload their quizzes and tests. Teachers really don’t have to be involved in assessment according to Knewton. Now Knewton can use the algorithms to grab the data and “assess” the content for each learner. Now, this is why I’m writing this post and want you to be aware of companies like Knewton. I read the following quote on Audrey Watters blog HackED “The Algorithmic Future of Education“:
“We literally know everything about what you know and how you learn best, everything” Jose Ferreira, Knewton CEO and Founder says in a video posted on the Department of Education website. “We have five orders of magnitude more data about you than Google has. …We literally have more data about our students than any company has about anybody else about anything, and it’s not even close.”
“The way that Knewton describes it, this technology is an incredible, first-of-its-kind breakthrough in “personalization” – that is, the individualization of instruction and assessment, mediated through technology in this case. “Personalization” as it’s often framed it meant to counter the “one-size-fits-all” education that, stereotypically at least, the traditional classroom provides.”
No — No — No!!!
This is not “Personalized Learning” and is not the same as the companies I listed above who are “personalizing” marketing strategies. Our kids are not driving the learning or a part of this hijacking of education. Ferreira’s idea of knowing how learners learn best is not based on research or on neuroscience on how we learn best.
Don’t fall for it!!!
Read these posts:
- Put the Person back in Personalization
- Didn’t We Do this Already?
- This Time It’s Personal and Dangerous
Our kids need the skills to know when they are being manipulated so they can take control of their learning and their life. They also need to know that if they get a recommendation from a company to purchase something, they don’t have to buy it. They need to be skeptical, curious, and critically consider what will be best for them. That’s our job as educators. It’s about encouraging learners to have a voice and choice so they are intrinsically motivated to want to learn.
Let’s help them navigate the new world of payment and what some call “personalization.” But let’s be clear what that means for teaching and learning and fight for our kids so they are the ones personalizing their learning experiences with teachers guiding the process not a company that is using their data to tell them that they know best how they learn.
We need kids that are not “compliant” following the leads from a company based on clicks. They are so much smarter than we give them credit. We need to encourage learners at a very young age to learn how to learn, to reflect on their learning and to be the ones in control of their learning so they are lifelong, self-directed learners.